Tigers - Panthera tigris sumatrae
ENDANGERED, Sumatran Tigers are native only
to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Only 400 individual animals
to exist in the wild and less then 200 in worldwide zoos.
a varying landscape in which this subspecies lives. From peat-moss
forest, submontain and montain forest as well as lowland forest.
As a result, the Sumatran Tigers' coat has evolved slightly different
from the other tiger subspecies. First of all, the Sumatran Tiger's
coat is the darkest of all tigers. It has wide black stripes that
are closely spaced, sometimes doubled up on each other. These
stripes also run down the animals' forelegs, a distinction setting
them apart from the Siberian Tiger.
Click Here to listen to their powerful growl
Tiger is the smallest tiger subspecies. Males weighing roughly
260 pounds compared to the average 650 pounds reached by the Siberian
Tiger. Females are very small comparatively as well; obtaining
weights between 150 and 200 pounds.
includes Muntjak Deer (a very small deer species), Wild Pigs
and Rusa (a large deer). Prey densities on Sumatra are sufficient
to sustain inhabiting tigers. Thus a lack of food items is
considered a factor in their dwindling numbers. The primary threat
to this rare tiger species is encroachment by man. Sumatra's
island Java has a tremendous population of about 110 million
people. Every year about six hundred thousand people emigrate
to Sumatra. This influx is compounded by the fact that Java's
population increases by two million a year. This yearly population
burst on Java puts even greater pressures on Sumatra to absorb
even more immigrants. It does not take a "Super Genius" to
figure out that this huge yearly human population increase
is at the expense of the Sumatran Tiger's habitat. So far it
estimated that Sumatra has lost a staggering 65 to 80 percent
of its pristine forests.
threw out tigerhomes.org's commentary, habitat protection is the
key again to the survival of the Sumatran Tiger. If nothing is
done to stop human encroachment on Sumatra, this subspecies will
become extinct like the Java Tiger (last seen in 1975).
For more information
on Tigers, go to 5 Tigers.org .
The most comprehnsive tiger website!